Current Research

Current Research at Stanford University

(June 2022 - Present) Advisor: Dr. Allan Reiss

Are you interested in participating in the Virtual Reality Neuroscience Fitness (VR NeuroFit) Study?

brain lifting weights

What should you expect if you decide to participate?

Your participation is completely voluntary; all of our researchers are extensively trained and have completed certified training for testing human subjects. What you can expect is contributing to cutting-edge and fun science: using state-of-the-art portable noninvasive neuroimaging (fNIRS) while playing a few brain games and a modified version of an exercise-based virtual reality video game (Beat Saber, Beat Games) in which you will be slicing blocks to the beat of songs using lightsabers immersed into a 3D world!

We invite students to participate in our research by visiting our lab on Stanford University's campus. Your visits will be no longer than 3 hours, you will have complimentary parking right next to our lab, and you will receive a $30.00 Amazon Gift Card and SWAG for participation. We are currently inviting 18- to 34-year-olds with and without attentional difficulties to participate in our research on campus.

How can you sign up for one of our studies?

If you are interested in participating in our study, please e-mail, with the subject line: "VR Study"

Where is the Research Lab?

We are located at 401 Quarry Road, adjacent to Stanford's Shopping Center. Please click here for a map and directions.

Thank you for your interest and participation!

See our t-shirt design below. Everyone who participates in our study will get a t-shirt!

Doctoral Research at Carnegie Mellon University

(Aug 2016-May 2022) Advisors: Dr. Anna Fisher & Dr. Erik Thiessen

Cognitive Development Lab

Infant Language and Learning Lab

Prior Studies

Exergame Study:

Exergames are a generation of video games that stimulate cognitive and motor functions simultaneously. This study examines the separate and combined effects of exercise and cognitive stimulation on children’s executive function (EF) and associated neural substrates. Children participate in an Exergame (exercise + cognitive activity), Exercise (physical activity), Sedentary (cognitive activity), or Control (no-play) Condition. Resting-state prefrontal cortex connectivity utilizing fNIRS, behavioral assessments of EF, and teacher ratings of EF are assessed pre- and posttest. This study elucidates the neural mechanisms underlying changes in EF induced from exergame play.

Transformed a widely-utilized cognitive (Flanker Task) into an Immersive Exergame
Exergame in Action
Control Conditions

The Longitudinal Noninvasive NeuroImaging Study:

This study is a longitudinal, microgenetic study that monitors changes in resting-state prefrontal cortex functional connectivity and executive function abilities of 4- to 5-year-old over multiple time points to investigate the development of executive function skills, resting-state prefrontal cortex functional connectivity, and the association between neural development and executive function development within the same group of children over time. A replication experiment with adults serves to validate the resting-state functional connectivity measure (Inscapes) utilizing a neuroimaging modality outside of fMRI.

fNIRS is a neuroimaging technique that uses low-levels of light to measure changes in cerebral blood volume and oxygenation
fNIRS is ideal for neuroimaging studies with youth because it is noninvasive and does not require participants to remain relatively immobile.

The Virtual Reality Neuroplasticity Study:

This study examines the effects of immersive virtual experiences on cognition and neuroplasticity in low-income youth by experimentally modifying versions of a popular commercially-available virtual reality game: Beat Saber, with meticulous manipulations to the amount of physical activity and cognitive demands.

VR Immersion with Children
VR Immersion with Adolescents to examine changes in brain and cognitive development across ages

The Reading Study:

This study examines the impact of varying visual presentations in educational e-books on first and second graders’ developing reading skills and utilizing eye-tracking technology to extract eye gaze patterns and investigate the attention allocation of beginning readers. This study provides theoretical insights about design principles for reading materials that can be employed to optimize educational materials and promote literacy development in young children.

Using eye-tracking technology to examine whether extraneous illustrations (entertaining, but nonessential features to comprehend the story)–a design common in beginning reader storybooks–promote attentional competition and hinder reading comprehension in beginning readers.
Example of eye-gaze patterns

The Interactive iPad Study

This study investigated how to instill the practices of high quality adult-child interactions in interactive digital technologies to improve learning outcomes.

Featured in Carnegie Mellon University's News Highlights and in The National Science Foundation (NSF) News

Features in digital books modeled from quality adult-child interactions improve childrens learning in young children.

Website by Marie Shaw, Dominic Calkosz, Sebastian Yang, Maanasi Bulusu, and George Whitfield, Jr.